Mushrooms & Truffles
There are some 150 different varieties of mushrooms in
Burgundy, found in the forest of the Morvan and the limestone areas near
Vézelay, in the Puisaye, Othe forest and the Châtillonais.
Truffles too come from the Auxois near Tonnerre and the forest Is-sur-Tille,
north of Dijon. Weird and wonderful, some are delicious, some, deadly
poisonous, others hallucinogenic. But to the aficionado, it is enough
to smell them and breathe the essence of ‘le terroir’, that
earthy, rich and slightly nutty scent, unique to the mushroom.
Don’t however harvest them and cook them without
consulting a specialist, as many varieties look similar and some are poisonous.
You can take them (preferably with roots) to a pharmacist in Burgundy
for an appraisal.You will find a great variety in season in the markets
all over the region and the following vegetable shops have particularly
good displays: Le Verger de l’Abbaye in Tournus; Au Verger Mâconnais,
Macon; Guettard, Auxerre, and Bruno in Dijon. Here’s a taster of
(fr. Girolle, latin Cantharellus cibarius)
Trumpet shaped fungus with a flaring cap of deep egg yellow found May
to October in acid soil in the forests
(fr. Morille Commune, latin Morchella esculenta)
Found in spring near Vézelay where there is limestone soil. Dark
brown, with conical cap pitted with thick honey-combed cavities. Must
be well-cooked. Available in dried form.
- CEP (fr.Cèpe de Bordeaux, latin
Found in summer and autumn. Ideal with wild boar or venison
- BAY BOLETUS (fr. Bolet bai, latin
In summer and autumn you will find clusters near oak, beech and coniferous
trees onpoor,acid, sandy or loamy soil.
- LECCINUM REFUM (fr. Bolet orange,
latin Leccinum aurantiacum)
Orange capped mushroom with tall cream stem specked in light brown.
Found in woodlandon moderately rich sandy and loamy soil.
- FIELD MUSHROOM (fr.Agaric des prés,
latin Agaricus campestris)
The most common mushroom now heavily cultivated and available in shops
throughout the year.
- SHAGGY INK CAP